A Contingency Contract Is A Formal Written Agreement In Which The Goals

/A Contingency Contract Is A Formal Written Agreement In Which The Goals

A Contingency Contract Is A Formal Written Agreement In Which The Goals

Recent BFRU research has expanded the well-established Food Dudes program to treat physical activity. By combining a variation of Food Dudes` children`s fashion videos with parental praise and reinforcement to achieve pedometer goals, the Fit « n » Fun Dudes program resulted in a significant increase in the number of steps (Hardman, Horne & Lowe, 2009, 2011; Horne, Hardman, Lowe, &Rowlands, 2009) with several additional effects. In one study, the number of parents increased moderately, although their physical activity was not directly addressed during the intervention (Hardman et al., 2009). The children who recorded the largest continuous increase in the number of steps after a tapering phase in another study were those who were shown The Fit « n » Fun Dudes videos without tangible reinforcements (Hardman et al., 2011). While the Fit « n » Fun Dudes program has not yet been refined to the same extent as the Food Dudes program, BFRU researchers have set long-term effects maintenance as a goal for future research and early research looks promising. This essentially involves masking or suppressing adverse reactions by reducing the number of stimuli they cause. For example, in the treatment of obesity, food reactions appear in the presence of many environmental indications that all take control of the reaction. It is therefore important to first reduce the number of these indications in order to regulate excessive overconsecration. This can be achieved by eating only in certain environments (e.g. B in a kitchen), or even by eating from a particular plate, with distinctive patterns, and never engaging in strengthening activities when eating (for example.B. television or reading an interesting magazine) (Ferster, Nuremberg & Levitt, 1962; Stuart, 1967).

A series of subsequent studies also showed that amplification conditions could increase physical activity under even more controlled conditions. De Luca and Holborn studied the effects of fixed interval (De Luca & Holborn, 1985) and fixed calendars (De Luca & Holborn, 1990) of amplification on the rate of obese and non-obese boys who pedaled a stationary exercise bike. Overall, both calendars increased the pedal rate, but calendars with fixed translation led to slightly higher pedal rates. De Luca and Holborn (1992) then investigated the impact of a variable proportion reinforcement plan on the walking of a stationary stationary exercise bike in the same population, using a modification criterion that increased each subsequent criterion by about 15% compared to the average rate of performance in the previous phase. The eventualities of the successive criteria led to a systematic increase in the rate of movement for all children. Ultimately, variable interest rates were higher than those found under fixed conditions in their previous studies. Operational conditioning offers a wide range of principles that the clinician can use for therapeutic purposes, but so far we have discussed those that focus on individual principles and are administered in relatively traditional therapeutic-client environments. However, operational principles of conditioning can serve as a basis for the development of behaviour change programmes that individuals themselves can use to structure and control the interactions between their behaviour and their environment. These were traditionally known as behavioral self-control programs (e.g., .B. Thoresen & Mahoney, 1974), but they have since been transformed into multifaceted behavioral programs to deal with a large number of personal problems, including addictions, habits, obsessions, and other behavioral problems (e.g..B. Lutzker & Martin, 1981; Stuart & Davies, 1972).

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By | 2021-09-08T10:36:20+01:00 septembre 8th, 2021|Non classé|0 Comments

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