« This agreement establishes in part the relationship between these two parties, for example in provisions relating to the recognition of the trade union as the exclusive representative of the workers in the bargaining unit or to the settlement of contractual disputes through an appeal procedure. In Fibreboard, the Supreme Court held that, based on its three-part analysis, an employer`s decision to allocate part of its business to subcontractors was a mandatory subject of negotiation. First, subcontracting is within the literal meaning of the NRA`s term « terms and conditions of employment. » Second, to find that subcontracting is a subject of compulsory bargaining has the effect of achieving the objectives of the NRA by bringing « a problem of vital interest for work and management within the framework defined by Congress as the most conducive to peace at work », namely collective bargaining. Third, other employers in the same sector have referred to the awarding of contracts as part of the bargaining process instead of leaving it to management`s discretion. Judge Potter Stewart added in his agreement that matters « at the heart of corporate control, » such as decisions on « the commitment of investment capital and the fundamental scope of the business, » are not mandatory subjects of negotiation. In the past, Governors Chris Christie of New Jersey and Scott Walker of Wisconsin have fought high-level battles with public sector unions. Christie has drawn fire from the New Jersey Education Association (NJEA) as part of its efforts to rein in public spending, restructure teachers` pensions. Walker`s move to restrict teachers` collective bargaining rights in Wisconsin proved so controversial that his opponents managed to collect enough signatures to impose a revocation choice against Walker in June 2012. The governor won the election. The Swedish Confederation of Industrial Employers is bound by thirteen collective agreements. Seven of them are workers` contracts.
The workers` union Industrifacket Metall is a counterpart in five agreements, Pappers (the Swedish Union of Paper Workers), GS (the Swedish Union of Forestry, Wood and Graphic Workers) in each and SEKO (The Union of Service and Communication Employees) in two. . . .